Soil

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Information on soils is integral to ecosystem restoration. The soil environment and its physical, chemical and biological components are critical to understanding the severity of degradation and opportunity for restoration. Data on both soil organisms and ecosystem processes generates a body of knowledge that can be useful in improving the outcomes of restoration and are best considered in the context of the severity of the original perturbation.

These datasets include geospatial data at global, regional and national level on soil properties and terrain dataset.

  • Global Soil Organic Carbon Map (GSOC): GSOCmap is the first global soil organic carbon map ever produced through a consultative and participatory process among countries.

  • Harmonized World Soil Database (HWSD): The HWSD is a 30 arc-second raster database with over 15,000 different soil mapping units that combines existing regional and national updates of soil information worldwide (SOTER, ESD, Soil Map of China, WISE) with the information contained within the 1:5 000 000 scale FAO-UNESCO Soil Map of the World (FAO, 1971-1981).

  • International Soil Reference and Information Centre (ISRIC): ISRIC's SoilGrids is a system for automated soil mapping based on global soil profile and environmental covariate data at 250 m spatial resolution.