Food Security

A person is food secure when they have regular access to enough safe and nutritious food for normal growth and development and an active and healthy life. Food insecurity may be due to unavailability of food and/or lack of resources to obtain food. Food insecurity can be experienced at different levels of severity. FAO uses multiple indicators to monitor the various aspects of these complex issues.

  • Food Insecurity Hotspots (GIEWS): The Global Information and Early Warning System (GIEWS) continuously monitors food supply and demand and other key indicators for assessing the overall food security situation in all countries of the world. The dataset covers national crises related to lack of food availability, widespread lack of access to food, or severe but localized problems.

  • Suite of Food Security Indicators (Global - National - Annual - FAOSTAT): Food security indicators at national and sub-national level produced and published by FAO and other international organizations.

  • Integrated Food Security Phase Classification - IPCInfo Tool: The IPC Classification System distinguishes and links acute food insecurity, chronic food insecurity and acute malnutrition to support more strategic and better coordinated responses.

  • The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World (2020) Data: gives an updated estimate of the number of hungry people in the world, including regional and national breakdowns.

  • Daily Food Prices Monitor: Daily Prices pages monitors consumer prices of 14 main food products in all countries and compiles the average price change for each product since 14 February 2020.

More indicators will be added as more data becomes available.